Most people with eczema, specifically atopic dermatitis, tend to develop the sensitive skin condition before the age of five. Symptoms include dry, itchy skin. The Mayo Clinic pointed out that “red to brownish-grey patches” can appear on the skin. In addition – for some people – small, raised bumps might emerge that leak fluid and crust over when scratched.
Dr Granville added: “Previous work had suggested that Granzyme B levels correlate with the degree of itchiness and disease severity in patients with atopic dermatitis.
“Our study provides evidence that topical drugs targeting Granzyme B could be used to treat patients with eczema and other forms of dermatitis.”
A common treatment for eczema is corticosteroid creams, which can “thin the skin” when used over a prolonged period of time.
Thin skin is said to be more prone to damage and infection, which is why research has been looking into new areas of treatment, such as targeting Granzyme B enzyme.
However, researchers see “great promise in this line of research and are pursing further clinical trials into Granzyme B and Granzyme B inhibitors”.
Meanwhile, in order to help relieve any sensitive skin caused by atopic dermatitis, you can:
- Use emollients
- Topical corticosteroids
The NHS added that it will be helpful to avoid known triggers and to wear medicated bandages.